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The country

In the antique Greece, the wine was celebrated as gift of the god Dionysos. This is also announced by the classical works of literature and of fine arts. During the dominance of the Turks, the Greek viticulture came to an almost total standstill. It was not until the beginning of the 20th century, when it became again an economic factor.
The winegrowing

The meagre soils of lime, granite or volcanic rock, store the few amounts of the rainfalls – thus, in the dry heat of Greece grow also a multitude of vines. Premium wines are particularly mad from Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabenet Sauvignon and Syrah. There are also domestic varieties cultivated, which can be not be found anywhere else: the white Robola produces excellent white wines with the scent of lemons, the red Limnio, a spicy, full-bodied red wine. Ten percent of the entire winegrowing area of 150.000 hectares, serve for the production of Retsina, a popular white wine, which is added stone pines resin during the fermentation. 
The future

The Greek winegrowers produce mostly hot-blooded, dry wines. The retraction to higher situated, cooler areas in connection with modernised methods of cultivation and the cultivation of red quality vines has produced outstanding wines in the past years. The wine institute in Athens, an active research institute, cares for the enhancement of the Greek wine economy, concerning the quality.